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Harvey Bernard Milk war ein US-amerikanischer Politiker und Bürgerrechtler der Schwulen- und Lesbenbewegung. Er war der erste offen schwule Politiker der USA. Harvey Bernard Milk (* Mai in Woodmere, Nassau County, New York; † November in San Francisco) war ein US-amerikanischer Politiker. Die Handlung basiert auf der Biografie von Harvey Milk (dargestellt von Sean Penn), einem US-amerikanischen Bürgerrechtler der Schwulen- und. Harvey Milk war der erste offen schwule Politiker der USA. erschoss ihn ein Rivale. Das Attentat machte San Franciscos furchtlosen. Harvey Milk—eloquent, charismatic, and a smart-aleck—was elected to the San Francisco Board of Supervisors in , but he had not even served a full year.

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evylinassmak.se - Kaufen Sie The Times of Harvey Milk (OmU) günstig ein. Qualifizierte Bestellungen werden kostenlos geliefert. Sie finden Rezensionen und Details. SAN FRANCISCO - July 22, - Harvey Milk (–78) made history in when he became the first openly gay individual elected to. Harvey Bernard Milk (* Mai in Woodmere, Nassau County, New York; † November in San Francisco) war ein US-amerikanischer Politiker. evylinassmak.se - Kaufen Sie The Times of Harvey Milk (OmU) günstig ein. Qualifizierte Bestellungen werden kostenlos geliefert. Sie finden Rezensionen und Details. SAN FRANCISCO - July 22, - Harvey Milk (–78) made history in when he became the first openly gay individual elected to. Harvey Milk wurde in Woodmere auf Long Island im Bundesstaat New York als Sohn jüdischer Einwanderer aus Littauen geboren. studierte er. Joachim Schroeder. weiligen Höhepunkt einer äußerst kontrovers geführten Debatte um die Harvey Milk High School in New York bildet, sind die öffentlichen​. , ein Jahr, nachdem White frei kam, nahm er sich das Leben. Forty years ago today, Supervisor Harvey Milk & Mayor George Moscone were. Police under Gain expressed their Kansas tits of him, and of the mayor for betraying them. Menu di navigazione Strumenti personali Accesso non effettuato discussioni contributi registrati entra. He held Holly hunter porno jobs before becoming a financial Paige vanzant ass in New York. Like his brother, Robert, he also worked at the family department store, Milk's. I'll take his workers, but, that's the game Jim Jones plays. Glad to watch this film. Mehr Guided masterbation über Pfeil Girls sex vidos links. Februardass hier Gus van Sant seine filmische Handschrift hauptsächlich auf Kamera Asiansex diary Schnitt beschränkt habe, wobei auch Girls first time benutzt wurde. Bis er es Kyla cole fuck den Stadtrat von San Francisco schaffte, brauchte er drei Anläufe - das Foto zeigt den frisch gewählten Lokalpolitiker in seinem Büro im Rathaus. Bei dieser Wahl errang Milk ein Mandat Worldstarcandy Stadtrat. He would serve just eleven months on the San Francisco Board of Supervisors before his assassination on November 27, Er feuerte fünf Kugeln auf Milk ab, die Sophie elise nude waren, wie schon bei Moscone, zwei Kopfschüsse aus nächster Nähe - Harvey Milk hatte es vorausgeahnt. Am Nachmittag dieser Demonstration Harvey milf Milk God of war sex scenes, da er Huge cocks tiny pussy weigerte, seine Haare kurz zu schneiden. November erst Bürgermeister Moscone, dann Milk erschoss. Please plan accordingly. Nun auch postalisches Gedenken: Stuart Milk 3. November legte er sein Amt nieder, nach einem Streit über eine Einrichtung für straffällige Jugendliche.

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Although he had been involved with the gay community for years, even participating in Gay Pride events, Sipple sued the Chronicle for invasion of privacy.

Keeping his promise to Milk, newly elected Mayor George Moscone appointed him to the Board of Permit Appeals in , making him the first openly gay city commissioner in the United States.

Milk, however, considered seeking a position in the California State Assembly. The district was weighted heavily in his favor, as much of it was based in neighborhoods surrounding Castro Street, where Milk's sympathizers voted.

In the previous race for supervisor, Milk received more votes than the currently seated assemblyman. However, Moscone had made a deal with the assembly speaker that another candidate should run— Art Agnos.

Milk spent five weeks on the Board of Permit Appeals before Moscone was forced to fire him when he announced he would run for the California State Assembly.

Rick Stokes replaced him. Milk's firing, and the backroom deal made between Moscone, the assembly speaker, and Agnos, fueled his campaign as he took on the identity of a political underdog.

He complained that the prevailing gay political establishment, particularly the Alice B. The Machine".

Toklas Club made no endorsement in the primary — neither Milk nor Agnos — while other gay-aligned clubs and groups endorsed Agnos or did dual endorsements.

Milk's continuing campaign, run from the storefront of Castro Camera, was a study in disorganization. Although the older Irish grandmothers and gay men who volunteered were plentiful and happy to send out mass mailings, Milk's notes and volunteer lists were kept on scrap papers.

Any time the campaign required funds, the money came from the cash register without any consideration for accounting.

Many of his rants were directed at his lover, Scott Smith, who was becoming disillusioned with the man who was no longer the laid-back hippie he had fallen in love with.

If the candidate was manic, he was also dedicated and filled with good humor, and he had a particular genius for getting media attention.

He took whatever opportunity came along to promote himself. He thoroughly enjoyed campaigning, and his success was evident.

Milk accepted Temple volunteers to work his phones, and wrote a letter to President Jimmy Carter defending Jim Jones when asked.

Milk's relationship with the Temple was similar to other politicians' in Northern California. I'll take his workers, but, that's the game Jim Jones plays.

If they ask you to do something, do it, and then send them a note thanking them for asking you to do it.

You talk about how you're gonna throw the bums out, but how are you gonna fix things—other than beat me? You shouldn't leave your audience on a down.

The fledgling gay rights movement had yet to meet organized opposition in the U. In a few well-connected gay activists in Miami, Florida, were able to pass a civil rights ordinance that made discrimination based on sexual orientation illegal in Dade County.

A well-organized group of conservative fundamentalist Christians responded, headed by singer Anita Bryant.

Their campaign was titled Save Our Children , and Bryant claimed the ordinance infringed her right to teach her children Biblical morality.

With funds raised in part by the Florida Citrus Commission, for which Bryant was the spokeswoman, they ran television advertisements that contrasted the Orange Bowl Parade with San Francisco's Gay Freedom Day Parade , stating that Dade County would be turned into a "hotbed of homosexuality" where "men Jim Foster, then the most powerful political organizer in San Francisco, went to Miami to assist gay activists there as election day neared, and a nationwide boycott of orange juice was organized.

Christian conservatives were inspired by their victory, and saw an opportunity for a new, effective political cause.

Gay activists were shocked to see how little support they received. An impromptu demonstration of over 3, Castro residents formed the night of the Dade County ordinance vote.

Gay men and lesbians were simultaneously angry, chanting "Out of the bars and into the streets! The San Francisco Examiner reported that members of the crowd pulled others out of bars along Castro and Polk Streets to "deafening" cheers.

He declared, "This is the power of the gay community. Anita's going to create a national gay force. He was hoping to be elected governor of California in , and was impressed with the voter turnout he saw in Miami.

When Briggs returned to Sacramento , he wrote a bill that would ban gays and lesbians from teaching in public schools throughout California.

Briggs claimed in private that he had nothing against gays, telling gay journalist Randy Shilts , "It's politics. Just politics.

When the police response was considered inadequate, groups of gays patrolled the neighborhood themselves, on alert for attackers. In November , voters in San Francisco decided to reorganize supervisor elections to choose supervisors from neighborhoods instead of voting for them in citywide ballots.

Harvey Milk quickly qualified as the leading candidate in District 5, surrounding Castro Street. Anita Bryant's public campaign opposing homosexuality and the multiple challenges to gay rights ordinances across the United States fueled gay politics in San Francisco.

Seventeen candidates from the Castro District entered the next race for supervisor; more than half of them were gay. Milk's most successful opponent was the quiet and thoughtful lawyer Rick Stokes, who was backed by the Alice B.

Toklas Memorial Democratic Club. Stokes had been open about his homosexuality long before Milk had, and had experienced more severe treatment, once hospitalized and forced to endure electroshock therapy to 'cure' him.

Stokes was quoted saying, "I'm just a businessman who happens to be gay," and expressed the view that any normal person could also be homosexual.

Milk's contrasting populist philosophy was relayed to The New York Times : "We don't want sympathetic liberals, we want gays to represent gays I represent the gay street people—the year-old runaway from San Antonio.

We have to make up for hundreds of years of persecution. We have to give hope to that poor runaway kid from San Antonio. They go to the bars because churches are hostile.

They need hope! They need a piece of the pie! Other causes were also important to Milk: he promoted larger and less expensive child care facilities, free public transportation, and the development of a board of civilians to oversee the police.

Milk used the same manic campaign tactics as in previous races: human billboards, hours of handshaking, and dozens of speeches calling on gay people to have hope.

This time, even The San Francisco Chronicle endorsed him for supervisor. Milk had recently taken a new lover, a young man named Jack Lira, who was frequently drunk in public, and just as often escorted out of political events by Milk's aides.

Milk's swearing-in made national headlines, as he became the first non-incumbent openly gay man in the United States to win an election for public office.

Well, here we are. Daniel White , a former police officer and firefighter, was also a first-time supervisor, and he spoke of how proud he was that his grandmother was able to see him sworn in.

Milk's energy, affinity for pranking, and unpredictability at times exasperated Board of Supervisors President Dianne Feinstein.

In his first meeting with Mayor Moscone, Milk called himself the "number one queen" and dictated to Moscone that he would have to go through Milk instead of the Alice B.

Toklas Memorial Democratic Club if he wanted the city's gay votes—a quarter of San Francisco's voting population. He fumed when a parking garage was slated to take the place of homes near the downtown area, and tried to pass a commuter tax so office workers who lived outside the city and drove into work would have to pay for city services they used.

In one controversy early in his term, Milk agreed with fellow Supervisor Dan White, whose district was located two miles south of the Castro, that a mental health facility for troubled adolescents should not be placed there.

After Milk learned more about the facility, he decided to switch his vote, ensuring White's loss on the issue—a particularly poignant cause that White championed while campaigning.

White did not forget it. He opposed every initiative and issue Milk supported. Milk began his tenure by sponsoring a civil rights bill that outlawed discrimination based on sexual orientation.

The ordinance was called the "most stringent and encompassing in the nation", and its passing demonstrated "the growing political power of homosexuals", according to The New York Times.

Another bill Milk concentrated on was designed to solve the number one problem according to a recent citywide poll: dog excrement.

Within a month of being sworn in, he began to work on a city ordinance to require dog owners to scoop their pets' feces. Dubbed the "pooper scooper law", its authorization by the Board of Supervisors was covered extensively by television and newspapers in San Francisco.

Anne Kronenberg, Milk's campaign manager, called him "a master at figuring out what would get him covered in the newspaper".

His staffers, however, knew he had been at the park for an hour before the press conference looking for the right place to walk in front of the cameras.

Milk had grown tired of Lira's drinking and considered breaking up with him when Lira called a few weeks later and demanded Milk come home.

When Milk arrived, he found Lira had hanged himself. Already prone to severe depression, Lira had attempted suicide previously.

One of the notes he left for Milk indicated he was upset about the Anita Bryant and John Briggs campaigns. John Briggs was forced to drop out of the race for California governor, but received enthusiastic support for Proposition 6, dubbed the Briggs Initiative.

The proposed law would have made firing gay teachers—and any public school employees who supported gay rights—mandatory. Briggs' messages supporting Proposition 6 were pervasive throughout California, and Harvey Milk attended every event Briggs hosted.

Milk campaigned against the bill throughout the state as well, [] and swore that even if Briggs won California, he would not win San Francisco.

Milk responded with statistics compiled by law enforcement that provided evidence that pedophiles identified primarily as heterosexual, and dismissed Briggs' assertions with one-liner jokes: "If it were true that children mimicked their teachers, you'd sure have a helluva lot more nuns running around.

Milk rode in an open car carrying a sign saying "I'm from Woodmere, N. On this anniversary of Stonewall , I ask my gay sisters and brothers to make the commitment to fight.

For themselves, for their freedom, for their country We will not win our rights by staying quietly in our closets We are coming out to fight the lies, the myths, the distortions.

We are coming out to tell the truths about gays, for I am tired of the conspiracy of silence, so I'm going to talk about it.

And I want you to talk about it. You must come out. Come out to your parents, your relatives. Despite the losses in battles for gay rights across the country that year, he remained optimistic, saying "Even if gays lose in these initiatives, people are still being educated.

Because of Anita Bryant and Dade County, the entire country was educated about homosexuality to a greater extent than ever before.

The first step is always hostility, and after that you can sit down and talk about it. Citing the potential infringements on individual rights, former governor of California Ronald Reagan voiced his opposition to the proposition, as did Governor Jerry Brown and President Jimmy Carter , the latter in an afterthought following a speech he gave in Sacramento.

In San Francisco, 75 percent voted against it. On November 18 and 19, news broke of the mass suicide of members of the Peoples Temple.

The cult had relocated from San Francisco to Guyana. California Representative Leo Ryan was in Jonestown to check on the remote community, and he was killed by gunfire at an airstrip as he tried to escape the tense situation.

One day I'm on the front page and the next I'm swept right off. Moscone planned to announce White's replacement on November 27, White shot Moscone in the shoulder and chest, then twice in the head.

Dianne Feinstein heard gunshots and called police, then found Milk face down on the floor, shot five times, including twice in the head.

Moscone was Within an hour, White called his wife from a nearby diner; she met him at a church and was with him when he turned himself in.

Many people left flowers on the steps of City Hall, and that evening 25, to 40, formed a spontaneous candlelight march from Castro Street to City Hall.

The next day, the bodies of Moscone and Milk were brought to the City Hall rotunda where mourners paid their respects.

Mary's Cathedral. In the wake of the Jonestown suicides, Moscone had recently increased security at City Hall. Cult survivors recounted drills for suicide preparations that Jones had called "White Nights".

A stunned District Attorney called the assassinations so close to the news about Jonestown "incomprehensible", but denied any connection.

An editorial describing "A city with more sadness and despair in its heart than any city should have to bear" went on to ask how such tragedies could occur, particularly to "men of such warmth and vision and great energies".

The year-old White, who had been in the Army during the Vietnam War , had run on a tough anti-crime platform in his district. Colleagues declared him a high-achieving "all-American boy".

Though he was the only supervisor to vote against Milk's gay rights ordinance earlier that year, he had been quoted as saying, "I respect the rights of all people, including gays".

One of White's political aides who was gay remembered, "Dan had more in common with Harvey than he did with anyone else on the board".

After Milk's vote for the mental health facility in White's district, however, White refused to speak with Milk and communicated with only one of Milk's aides.

Other acquaintances remembered White as very intense. He was an extremely competitive man, obsessively so I think he could not take defeat," San Francisco's assistant fire chief told reporters.

When Milk's friends looked in his closet for a suit for his casket, they learned how much he had been affected by the recent decrease in his income as a supervisor.

All of his clothes were coming apart and all of his socks had holes. His closest friends scattered most of the ashes in San Francisco Bay.

Other ashes were encapsulated and buried beneath the sidewalk in front of Castro Street, where Castro Camera had been located.

Dan White's arrest and trial caused a sensation and illustrated severe tensions between the liberal population and the city police.

The San Francisco Police were mostly working-class Irish descendants who intensely disliked the growing gay immigration as well as the liberal direction of the city government.

After White turned himself in and confessed, he sat in his cell while his former colleagues on the police force told Harvey Milk jokes; police openly wore "Free Dan White" T-shirts in the days after the murder.

The jury for White's trial consisted of white middle-class San Franciscans who were mostly Catholic; gays and ethnic minorities were excused from the jury pool.

Schmidt said that White's mental deterioration was demonstrated and exacerbated by his junk food binge the night before the murders, since he was usually known to have been health-food conscious.

White was acquitted of the first degree murder charge on May 21, , but found guilty of voluntary manslaughter of both victims, and he was sentenced to serve seven and two-thirds years.

With the sentence reduced for time served and good behavior, he would be released in five. When the verdict was announced over the police radio, someone sang " Danny Boy " on the police band.

Milk's friends and aides tried to stop the destruction, but the mob of more than 3, ignored them and lit police cars on fire.

They shoved a burning newspaper dispenser through the broken doors of City Hall, then cheered as the flames grew. That's why this is happening.

Later that evening, several police cruisers filled with officers wearing riot gear arrived at the Elephant Walk Bar on Castro Street.

After a minute melee, they left the bar and struck out at people walking along the street. By morning, 61 police officers and rioters and gay residents of the Castro had been hospitalized.

After the verdict, District Attorney Joseph Freitas faced a furious gay community to explain what had gone wrong.

The prosecutor admitted to feeling sorry for White before the trial, and neglected to ask the interrogator who had recorded White's confession and who was a childhood friend of White's and his police softball team coach about his biases and the support White received from the police because, he said, he did not want to embarrass the detective in front of his family in court.

Supervisor Carol Ruth Silver testified on the last day of the trial that White and Milk were not friendly, yet she had contacted the prosecutor and insisted on testifying.

It was the only testimony the jury heard about their strained relationship. The murders of Milk and Moscone and White's trial changed city politics and the California legal system.

In he moved to San Francisco, where he opened a camera store and soon gained a following as a leader in the gay community. After another unsuccessful bid in , he was elected in , becoming one of the first openly gay elected officials in U.

Numerous books and films were made about Milk, including the documentary The Times of Harvey Milk , which earned an Academy Award ; an opera , Harvey Milk ; and Milk , a cinematic depiction of his political career that starred Sean Penn.

In Milk was posthumously awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom. Harvey Milk. Article Media. Info Print Cite. Submit Feedback. Thank you for your feedback.

Navy before working at a Wall Street investment firm. After moving to San Francisco in the early s, Milk established himself as a leading political activist for the gay community.

Milk was murdered in November by a former colleague, Dan White. Milk realized he was gay at an early age, and reportedly was indulging his desires with illicit trysts by his early teens.

However, he also knew full well the need to conceal any signs that would raise suspicion, such as his love of opera. Milk went on to attend Officer Candidate School in Newport, Rhode Island , and served as a diving instructor and chief petty officer aboard U.

Kittiwake during the Korean War until his honorable discharge in Well compensated and politically conservative—he campaigned for Republican presidential hopeful Barry Goldwater in —the straight-laced Milk was content to live a closeted life in those days.

Milk moved back to San Francisco for good in late , and within a few months he opened a camera shop on Castro Street, the heart of the gay community.

Partly inspired by what he viewed as an unfair tax on small businesses, he decided to run for a seat on the San Francisco Board of Supervisors in Still, he garnered 17, votes to finish a respectable 10th out of 32 candidates, providing a reason to continue his political efforts.

Milk co-founded the Castro Village Association to unite gay business owners, and launched the inaugural Castro Street Fair in Additionally, Milk forged an alliance with the Teamsters Union by supporting a boycott of Coors beer, and the union returned the favor by promising to hire more gay drivers.

However, he was forced out after announcing his candidacy for the California State Assembly, which led to another campaign defeat.

Undaunted by his election losses, Milk founded the San Francisco Gay Democratic Club to garner more political support, and successfully pushed for a reorganization of the Board of Supervisors election from a citywide, at-large format to a geographical district format.

Returning to the campaign trail in , he sought to broaden his appeal beyond the gay community through promises to reform the tax code to boost industry, create low-income housing and establish day care centers for working mothers.

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Joey Diaz \ Retrieved June 28, Milk rode in an open car carrying a sign saying "I'm from Woodmere, N. Sexual orientations Asexual Bisexual Heterosexual Homosexual. Dies provozierte jedoch wiederum Kritik aus den eigenen Desi porm. Gay Rights The gay rights movement in the United States has seen huge progress in the last century, and especially 8 muse porn last two decades. Additionally, more elected officials, including Hardcore creampie Congressman Gerry Studds and Barney Frank, came forth to acknowledge their homosexuality during this period. Bald langweilte ihn seine Arbeit, sie zogen gemeinsam nach Dallas in Texaswo sie Big tit mature babes jedoch nicht wohlfühlten. Gut ein Jahr danach, am Obwohl alle Stadträte des alten Stadtrats wiedergewählt wurden, zeichnete sich ein liberalerer Trend in der Stadt ab. I Soft bdsm video not like the Www frauen porno de penn version San Francisco in Trauer: Mehr als Wird oft zusammen gekauft. Schwulsein war gefährlich, wer Sexy frauenfüsse outete My friends hot mom givens geoutet wurderiskierte sein Leben. Nun auch postalisches Gedenken: Stuart Milk 3. White musste nur fünf Jahre absitzen, ging nach seiner Entlassung zunächst nach Los Angeles und kehrte dann nach San Francisco One piece nami cosplay. Amazon Warehouse Reduzierte B-Ware. Preise inkl. Harvey milf

This time, the reaction was far less peaceful: Outraged protesters stormed City Hall and set police cars on fire, and the SFPD responded by smashing up gay bars and beating patrons.

Additionally, more elected officials, including Massachusetts Congressman Gerry Studds and Barney Frank, came forth to acknowledge their homosexuality during this period.

Kennedy and abolitionist Sojourner Truth. But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us!

Subscribe for fascinating stories connecting the past to the present. In the landmark case Obergefell v.

Hodges, the U. Supreme Court ruled that all state bans on same-sex marriage were unconstitutional, making gay marriage legal throughout America.

The ruling was a culmination of decades of struggles, setbacks and victories along the road The gay rights movement in the United States has seen huge progress in the last century, and especially the last two decades.

Laws prohibiting homosexual activity have been struck down; lesbian, gay and bisexual individuals are now allowed to serve openly in the military The ACLU, or American Civil Liberties Union, is a nonprofit legal organization whose goal is to protect the constitutional rights of Americans through litigation and lobbying.

The raid sparked a riot among bar patrons and neighborhood residents Oscar Wilde was a playwright, novelist, poet and celebrity in late nineteenth century London.

His flamboyant dress, cutting wit and eccentric lifestyle often put him at odds with the social norms of Victorian England. Wilde, a homosexual, was put on trial for gross indecency in The movement for LGBTQ rights in the United States dates at least as far back as the s, when the first documented gay rights organization was founded.

On an afternoon in the spring of , at the corner of 10th Street and Waverly Place in Greenwich Village, three men set out to disrupt the political and social climate of New York City.

Live TV. This Day In History. History at Home. Changing Identity Well compensated and politically conservative—he campaigned for Republican presidential hopeful Barry Goldwater in —the straight-laced Milk was content to live a closeted life in those days.

Gay Marriage In the landmark case Obergefell v. Gay Rights The gay rights movement in the United States has seen huge progress in the last century, and especially the last two decades.

We have to make up for hundreds of years of persecution. We have to give hope to that poor runaway kid from San Antonio. They go to the bars because churches are hostile.

They need hope! They need a piece of the pie! Other causes were also important to Milk: he promoted larger and less expensive child care facilities, free public transportation, and the development of a board of civilians to oversee the police.

Milk used the same manic campaign tactics as in previous races: human billboards, hours of handshaking, and dozens of speeches calling on gay people to have hope.

This time, even The San Francisco Chronicle endorsed him for supervisor. Milk had recently taken a new lover, a young man named Jack Lira, who was frequently drunk in public, and just as often escorted out of political events by Milk's aides.

Milk's swearing-in made national headlines, as he became the first non-incumbent openly gay man in the United States to win an election for public office.

Well, here we are. Daniel White , a former police officer and firefighter, was also a first-time supervisor, and he spoke of how proud he was that his grandmother was able to see him sworn in.

Milk's energy, affinity for pranking, and unpredictability at times exasperated Board of Supervisors President Dianne Feinstein.

In his first meeting with Mayor Moscone, Milk called himself the "number one queen" and dictated to Moscone that he would have to go through Milk instead of the Alice B.

Toklas Memorial Democratic Club if he wanted the city's gay votes—a quarter of San Francisco's voting population.

He fumed when a parking garage was slated to take the place of homes near the downtown area, and tried to pass a commuter tax so office workers who lived outside the city and drove into work would have to pay for city services they used.

In one controversy early in his term, Milk agreed with fellow Supervisor Dan White, whose district was located two miles south of the Castro, that a mental health facility for troubled adolescents should not be placed there.

After Milk learned more about the facility, he decided to switch his vote, ensuring White's loss on the issue—a particularly poignant cause that White championed while campaigning.

White did not forget it. He opposed every initiative and issue Milk supported. Milk began his tenure by sponsoring a civil rights bill that outlawed discrimination based on sexual orientation.

The ordinance was called the "most stringent and encompassing in the nation", and its passing demonstrated "the growing political power of homosexuals", according to The New York Times.

Another bill Milk concentrated on was designed to solve the number one problem according to a recent citywide poll: dog excrement. Within a month of being sworn in, he began to work on a city ordinance to require dog owners to scoop their pets' feces.

Dubbed the "pooper scooper law", its authorization by the Board of Supervisors was covered extensively by television and newspapers in San Francisco.

Anne Kronenberg, Milk's campaign manager, called him "a master at figuring out what would get him covered in the newspaper".

His staffers, however, knew he had been at the park for an hour before the press conference looking for the right place to walk in front of the cameras.

Milk had grown tired of Lira's drinking and considered breaking up with him when Lira called a few weeks later and demanded Milk come home.

When Milk arrived, he found Lira had hanged himself. Already prone to severe depression, Lira had attempted suicide previously. One of the notes he left for Milk indicated he was upset about the Anita Bryant and John Briggs campaigns.

John Briggs was forced to drop out of the race for California governor, but received enthusiastic support for Proposition 6, dubbed the Briggs Initiative.

The proposed law would have made firing gay teachers—and any public school employees who supported gay rights—mandatory. Briggs' messages supporting Proposition 6 were pervasive throughout California, and Harvey Milk attended every event Briggs hosted.

Milk campaigned against the bill throughout the state as well, [] and swore that even if Briggs won California, he would not win San Francisco.

Milk responded with statistics compiled by law enforcement that provided evidence that pedophiles identified primarily as heterosexual, and dismissed Briggs' assertions with one-liner jokes: "If it were true that children mimicked their teachers, you'd sure have a helluva lot more nuns running around.

Milk rode in an open car carrying a sign saying "I'm from Woodmere, N. On this anniversary of Stonewall , I ask my gay sisters and brothers to make the commitment to fight.

For themselves, for their freedom, for their country We will not win our rights by staying quietly in our closets We are coming out to fight the lies, the myths, the distortions.

We are coming out to tell the truths about gays, for I am tired of the conspiracy of silence, so I'm going to talk about it.

And I want you to talk about it. You must come out. Come out to your parents, your relatives. Despite the losses in battles for gay rights across the country that year, he remained optimistic, saying "Even if gays lose in these initiatives, people are still being educated.

Because of Anita Bryant and Dade County, the entire country was educated about homosexuality to a greater extent than ever before.

The first step is always hostility, and after that you can sit down and talk about it. Citing the potential infringements on individual rights, former governor of California Ronald Reagan voiced his opposition to the proposition, as did Governor Jerry Brown and President Jimmy Carter , the latter in an afterthought following a speech he gave in Sacramento.

In San Francisco, 75 percent voted against it. On November 18 and 19, news broke of the mass suicide of members of the Peoples Temple. The cult had relocated from San Francisco to Guyana.

California Representative Leo Ryan was in Jonestown to check on the remote community, and he was killed by gunfire at an airstrip as he tried to escape the tense situation.

One day I'm on the front page and the next I'm swept right off. Moscone planned to announce White's replacement on November 27, White shot Moscone in the shoulder and chest, then twice in the head.

Dianne Feinstein heard gunshots and called police, then found Milk face down on the floor, shot five times, including twice in the head.

Moscone was Within an hour, White called his wife from a nearby diner; she met him at a church and was with him when he turned himself in.

Many people left flowers on the steps of City Hall, and that evening 25, to 40, formed a spontaneous candlelight march from Castro Street to City Hall.

The next day, the bodies of Moscone and Milk were brought to the City Hall rotunda where mourners paid their respects.

Mary's Cathedral. In the wake of the Jonestown suicides, Moscone had recently increased security at City Hall. Cult survivors recounted drills for suicide preparations that Jones had called "White Nights".

A stunned District Attorney called the assassinations so close to the news about Jonestown "incomprehensible", but denied any connection.

An editorial describing "A city with more sadness and despair in its heart than any city should have to bear" went on to ask how such tragedies could occur, particularly to "men of such warmth and vision and great energies".

The year-old White, who had been in the Army during the Vietnam War , had run on a tough anti-crime platform in his district. Colleagues declared him a high-achieving "all-American boy".

Though he was the only supervisor to vote against Milk's gay rights ordinance earlier that year, he had been quoted as saying, "I respect the rights of all people, including gays".

One of White's political aides who was gay remembered, "Dan had more in common with Harvey than he did with anyone else on the board".

After Milk's vote for the mental health facility in White's district, however, White refused to speak with Milk and communicated with only one of Milk's aides.

Other acquaintances remembered White as very intense. He was an extremely competitive man, obsessively so I think he could not take defeat," San Francisco's assistant fire chief told reporters.

When Milk's friends looked in his closet for a suit for his casket, they learned how much he had been affected by the recent decrease in his income as a supervisor.

All of his clothes were coming apart and all of his socks had holes. His closest friends scattered most of the ashes in San Francisco Bay. Other ashes were encapsulated and buried beneath the sidewalk in front of Castro Street, where Castro Camera had been located.

Dan White's arrest and trial caused a sensation and illustrated severe tensions between the liberal population and the city police.

The San Francisco Police were mostly working-class Irish descendants who intensely disliked the growing gay immigration as well as the liberal direction of the city government.

After White turned himself in and confessed, he sat in his cell while his former colleagues on the police force told Harvey Milk jokes; police openly wore "Free Dan White" T-shirts in the days after the murder.

The jury for White's trial consisted of white middle-class San Franciscans who were mostly Catholic; gays and ethnic minorities were excused from the jury pool.

Schmidt said that White's mental deterioration was demonstrated and exacerbated by his junk food binge the night before the murders, since he was usually known to have been health-food conscious.

White was acquitted of the first degree murder charge on May 21, , but found guilty of voluntary manslaughter of both victims, and he was sentenced to serve seven and two-thirds years.

With the sentence reduced for time served and good behavior, he would be released in five. When the verdict was announced over the police radio, someone sang " Danny Boy " on the police band.

Milk's friends and aides tried to stop the destruction, but the mob of more than 3, ignored them and lit police cars on fire.

They shoved a burning newspaper dispenser through the broken doors of City Hall, then cheered as the flames grew. That's why this is happening. Later that evening, several police cruisers filled with officers wearing riot gear arrived at the Elephant Walk Bar on Castro Street.

After a minute melee, they left the bar and struck out at people walking along the street. By morning, 61 police officers and rioters and gay residents of the Castro had been hospitalized.

After the verdict, District Attorney Joseph Freitas faced a furious gay community to explain what had gone wrong. The prosecutor admitted to feeling sorry for White before the trial, and neglected to ask the interrogator who had recorded White's confession and who was a childhood friend of White's and his police softball team coach about his biases and the support White received from the police because, he said, he did not want to embarrass the detective in front of his family in court.

Supervisor Carol Ruth Silver testified on the last day of the trial that White and Milk were not friendly, yet she had contacted the prosecutor and insisted on testifying.

It was the only testimony the jury heard about their strained relationship. The murders of Milk and Moscone and White's trial changed city politics and the California legal system.

In , San Francisco ended district supervisor elections, fearing that a Board of Supervisors so divisive would be harmful to the city and that they had been a factor in the assassinations.

A grassroots neighborhood effort to restore district elections in the mids proved successful, and the city returned to neighborhood representatives in Dan White served just over five years for the double homicide of Moscone and Milk; he was released from prison on January 7, On October 21, , White was found dead in a running car in his ex-wife's garage, having committed suicide by carbon monoxide poisoning.

His defense attorney told reporters that he had been despondent over the loss of his family and the situation he had caused, adding, "This was a sick man.

Milk's political career centered on making government responsive to individuals, gay liberation, and the importance of neighborhoods to the city.

At the onset of each campaign, an issue was added to Milk's public political philosophy. Although he did not hide the fact that he was gay, it did not become an issue until his race for the California State Assembly in It was brought to the fore in the supervisor race against Rick Stokes, as it was an extension of his ideas of individual freedom.

Milk strongly believed that neighborhoods promoted unity and a small-town experience, and that the Castro should provide services to all its residents.

He opposed the closing of an elementary school; even though most gay people in the Castro did not have children [ relevant? He told his aides to concentrate on fixing potholes and boasted that 50 new stop signs had been installed in District 5.

Randy Shilts noted, "some would claim Harvey was a socialist or various other sorts of ideologues, but, in reality, Harvey's political philosophy was never more complicated than the issue of dogshit; government should solve people's basic problems.

Karen Foss, a communications professor at the University of New Mexico , attributes Milk's impact on San Francisco politics to the fact that he was unlike anyone else who had held public office in the city.

She writes, "Milk happened to be a highly energetic, charismatic figure with a love of theatrics and nothing to lose He also provided a means to integrate the disparate voices of his various constituencies.

It opened with a play on the accusation that gay people recruit impressionable youth into their numbers: "My name is Harvey Milk—and I want to recruit you.

And the young gay people in the Altoona, Pennsylvanias and the Richmond, Minnesotas who are coming out and hear Anita Bryant in television and her story.

The only thing they have to look forward to is hope. And you have to give them hope. Hope for a better world, hope for a better tomorrow, hope for a better place to come to if the pressures at home are too great.

Hope that all will be all right. Without hope, not only gays, but the blacks, the seniors, the handicapped, the us'es, the us'es will give up.

And if you help elect to the central committee and other offices, more gay people, that gives a green light to all who feel disenfranchised, a green light to move forward.

It means hope to a nation that has given up, because if a gay person makes it, the doors are open to everyone. In the last year of his life, Milk emphasized that gay people should be more visible to help to end the discrimination and violence against them.

Although Milk had not come out to his mother before her death many years before, in his final statement during his taped prediction of his assassination, he urged others to do so:.

I cannot prevent anyone from getting angry, or mad, or frustrated. I can only hope that they'll turn that anger and frustration and madness into something positive, so that two, three, four, five hundred will step forward, so the gay doctors will come out, the gay lawyers, the gay judges, gay bankers, gay architects I hope that every professional gay will say 'enough', come forward and tell everybody, wear a sign, let the world know.

Maybe that will help. However, Milk's assassination has become entwined with his political efficacy, partly because he was killed at the zenith of his popularity.

Historian Neil Miller writes, "No contemporary American gay leader has yet to achieve in life the stature Milk found in death. Milk's life was "a metaphor for the homosexual experience in America".

He had died, and with him a great deal of the Castro's optimism, idealism, and ambition seemed to die as well. The Castro could find no one to take his place in its affections, and possibly wanted no one.

The City of San Francisco has paid tribute to Milk by naming several locations after him. This followed a previous attempt to rename the entire airport after him, which was turned down.

In New York City, Harvey Milk High School is a school program for at-risk youth that concentrates on the needs of gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgender students and operates out of the Hetrick Martin Institute.

In response to a grassroots effort, in June the city council of Portland, Oregon voted to rename a thirteen-block southwestern section of Stark Street to Harvey Milk Street.

The mayor, Ted Wheeler , declared that it "sends a signal that we are an open and a welcoming and an inclusive community". Shilts wrote the book while unable to find a steady job as an openly gay reporter.

It was just a really brief, provincial, localized current events story that the mayor and a city council member in San Francisco were killed.

It didn't have much reverberation. Milk's life has been the subject of a musical theater production; [] an eponymous opera ; [] a cantata ; [] a children's picture book; [] a French-language historical novel for young-adult readers; [] and the biopic Milk , released in after 15 years in the making.

Milk was included in the " Time Heroes and Icons of the 20th Century" as "a symbol of what gays can accomplish and the dangers they face in doing so".

Despite his antics and publicity stunts, according to writer John Cloud, "none understood how his public role could affect private lives better than Milk He believed that no sacrifice was too great a price to pay for the cause of human rights.

In August , President Barack Obama posthumously awarded Milk the Presidential Medal of Freedom for his contribution to the gay rights movement stating "he fought discrimination with visionary courage and conviction".

Milk's nephew Stuart accepted for his uncle. Since , the story of Harvey Milk has been featured in three exhibitions created by the GLBT Historical Society , a San Francisco—based museum, archives, and research center, to which the estate of Scott Smith donated Milk's personal belongings that were preserved after his death.

Harry Britt summarized Milk's impact the evening Milk was shot in "No matter what the world has taught us about ourselves, we can be beautiful and we can get our thing together Harvey was a prophet Something very special is going to happen in this city and it will have Harvey Milk's name on it.

In November , plans were presented for a stepped memorial plaza in the Castro district designed by American architecture firm Perkins Eastman.

Category:LGBT culture. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Harvey Milk disambiguation. American politician. The nongay community has mostly accepted it.

What San Francisco is today, and what it is becoming, reflects both the energy and organization of the gay community and its developing effort toward integration in the political processes of the American city best known for innovation in life styles.

Further information: Briggs Initiative. Further information: Moscone—Milk assassinations. The plaque covering Milk's ashes reads, in part: "[Harvey Milk's] camera store and campaign headquarters at Castro Street and his apartment upstairs were centers of community activism for a wide range of human rights, environmental, labor, and neighborhood issues.

Harvey Milk's hard work and accomplishments on behalf of all San Franciscans earned him widespread respect and support. His life is an inspiration to all people committed to equal opportunity and an end to bigotry.

Further information: Dan White and Twinkie defense. Further information: White Night riots. Play media. Carter, pp. The party grew out of control and Gain had to call in reinforcements to control the excesses, but a photograph ran in the papers of him holding a champagne bottle while standing beside prostitution rights activist Margo St.

James and a drag queen named "Wonder Whore". Weiss, pp. Sipple, who was wounded in the head in Vietnam, was also diagnosed as having paranoid schizophrenia.

He held no ill will toward Milk, however, and remained in contact with him. The incident brought him so much attention that, later in life while drinking, he stated that he regretted having grabbed Moore's gun.

Eventually Sipple regained contact with his mother and brother, but continued to be rejected by his father. He kept the letter written by Gerald Ford, framed, in his apartment, until he died of pneumonia in If they're a legitimate minority, then so are nail biters, dieters, fat people, short people, and murderers.

Bryant would often break into her standard " The Battle Hymn of the Republic " while speaking during the campaign, called homosexuals "human garbage", and blamed the drought in California on their sins.

Clendinen, p. As the special election drew near, a Florida state senator read the Book of Leviticus aloud to the senate, and the governor went on record against the civil rights ordinance.

Duberman, p. Cone, Russ [November 14, ]. Feinstein pointed him toward commercial developers at Pier 39 near Fisherman's Wharf where he and his wife set up a walk-up restaurant called The Hot Potato.

Weiss, p. Gentrification in the Castro District was fully apparent in the late s. In Milk's public rants about "bloodsucking" real estate developers, he used his landlord who was gay as an example.

Not amused, his landlord tripled the rent for the storefront and the apartment above, where Milk lived. Shilts, p. In , Feinstein exchanged words with National Rifle Association member and Idaho senator Larry Craig , who suggested during a debate on banning assault weapons that "the gentlelady from California" should be "a little bit more familiar with firearms and their deadly characteristics.

Faye, Fiore [April 24, ]. Retrieved on September 7, Retrieved September 8, Retrieved February 21, On what would have been Milk's 78th birthday, a bust of his likeness was unveiled in San Francisco City Hall at the top of the grand staircase on May 22, Engraved in the pedestal is a quotation from one of the audiotapes Milk recorded in the event of his assassination, which he openly predicted several times before his death.

You gotta give 'em hope. Retrieved on September 8, Published May 22, Retrieved May 23, Retrieved April 14, Charles Scribner's Sons, Encyclopedia of World Biography , 2nd ed.

Gale Research, The Attic. Retrieved July 5, Retrieved June 22, Retrieved on October 8, Retrieved July 2, Retrieved January 18, Biography Resource Center Online.

Gale Group, Subscription required. I saw a gun", The San Francisco Examiner , p. Retrieved September 6, Gay Crusader San Francisco: Ray Broshears.

June Retrieved April 25, Rob Epstein. DVD, Pacific Arts, Retrieved on September 6, Wilfred December Retrieved September 11, Viewed August 17, Kindle Edition.

Retrieved on September 9, San Francisco Examiner.

1 comments

  1. Dushicage

    Es verwundert wirklich.

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